From the origins to the Medieval time

    From the origins to the Medieval time

    There is a large number of historic evidence about the wines produced in the area of Montefalco.

    In the I century a.C., Pliny the Elder in his Naturalis Historiae mentions the Itriola grape as the typical variety of Montefalco and researchers compare this to the present Sagrantino. As Sagrantino does not show any resemblance with other varieties that grow in central Italy, researchers claim that Sagrantino's origins are exclusive to Montefalco, while others believe that Sagrantino originally came from Asia Minor and it was taken to Montefalco by followers of San Francis of Assisi. Sagrantino is probably named after the term "Sacramenti", the religious services when this red wine was probably used. 

    Another important piece of evidence are the carvings representing vineyards in the area surrounding Montefalco in the apse of the Medieval church of San Bartolomeo.

    In Montefalco's historic archive there are several documents dating back to 1200  where "the care of vine-growers take in following their vineyards" is described. In the first half of 1300 a new rules of law regulating the issue are released to "safeguard vines and wine" of the area of Montefalco.